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Karnak Temple


The Karnak temples are considered to be a history book stating the history of Egypt from the Middle Kingdom to the Ptolemaic Period . During the reign of Intef II (11th dynasty) , Karnak Temple was called (Pr Imn) 'the House of Amun' , and from the reign of King Senewesert I , it was known as (Iput Swt) , 'the Most Selected of all Places' . At the Ptolemaic Period , it was called (Pt-Hr SA-TA) , 'the Sky Above the Earth' . The modern name Karnak may be derived from the ancient Egyptian word (Kar-Nd) , 'the Shrine of the Goose' , the goose was the secret bird of god Amun . 

The main temple of god Amun contains ten pylons on two axes; A- Six of them extending from west to east . B- Four from north to south . 

In the east side , there are the temples of: Osiris , Atun , Rahorakhti (Ra-Hor-Akhty) and Akh-mnw; in the north side , we can find the temples of Mentu and Ptah; In the south side , there are the temples of Mut and Khonsu . 

There are four avenues in the Karnak temples which are as follows:
1- In the west , there is the Ram-Headed Avenue in front  of the first pylon . 
2- In the south side , there is Sphinx Avenue in front of the temple of Mentu . 
3- In the west side , there are two Sphinx Avenues . The one extends from the gate of Khonsu , Temple at Karnak , in the north to Luxor Temple in the south . The second Sphinx Avenue extending from the tenth pylon of Horemhep to the Temple of Goddess Mut .

 
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